COVID-19: An opportunity for disaster solidarity
If you’ve been paying any attention to the myriad articles talking about the likely causes of the current COVID-19 pandemic, you’ll have read that the hippies were right – rampant destruction of the environment has led us into a global crisis, and industrial agriculture is a solid contender for worst offender. Whether this particular coronavirus came from bats, pangolins, or another creature isn’t really that important – the knowledge that it’s a zoonotic disease (passed from animals to humans) – and that all of the other most recent outbreaks (SARS, MERS, Ebola, Nipah, Zika…) were too – offers more-than sufficient evidence to act on. In fact, the FAO tells us that more than 70% of all infectious diseases in humans since the 1940s can be traced to animals.
Rob Wallace, author of Big Farms Make Big Flu can answer a lot of your pressing questions on these theories, so go listen to him here. (And then google him and find the hundreds of other interviews and papers he has produced on this topic since well before the outbreak began. (One of the hardest things about being Rob right now must be resisting the daily urge to shout ‘I told you so, you bastards!’)
Read this 11-page communique from the International Panel of Experts on Sustainable Food Systems – it will give you all the information you need on the causes and potential solutions to the pandemic. And if you’re time poor, check out this shorter piece from New Matilda here.
The jury is in – industrial agriculture is a menace to society.
Some of us have been banging on for many years about the dangers of intensive livestock production, massive global losses of biodiversity, and the narrowing of genetic diversity in agriculture specifically, fast animal turnover in industrial systems, separating breeding and growing operations (with attendant loss of potential herd immunities), and habitat fragmentation, and it’s turned out we were right all along. So what’s going to happen? And what alternative futures lay before us?
First, a quick look at impacts, and then some hopeful possible solutions…
Impacts on the food system
The impacts are unfolding fast, and in many countries they are awful. I’m not going to write about the devastation the pandemic is having in countries where health care systems have been undermined by neoliberal regimes that have systematically implemented policies that have rejected the public interest, and nor am I going to offer analysis of the structural racism and classism that will see the most disadvantaged in society feel the brunt of this crisis. My expertise is in food systems, so that’s what I’ll stick with. I’m also going to focus primarily on Australia, because you simply can’t extrapolate the disruptions to social cohesion, well-being, and domestic economies from one country to another without making some terrible generalisations and misleading blunders.
What are the initial impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on Australian food systems?
Supermarket shelves emptied fast as panic buying set in. Their ‘just-in-time’ model of distribution has proven to be as precarious as food security researchers have told us for many years. But they have also aggressively hired the newly unemployed to stack shelves more rapidly – a move that could cast them in the light of savior in spite of decades of predatory behaviour.
Many farmers’ markets have been closed, either by risk-averse (and ill-informed, I would say) councils, or the organisers themselves, though others remain open, with social distancing protocols in place. This has left many small-scale farmers in the desperate position of having to rapidly find other ways to connect to their eaters, and forced some farmers’ market shoppers back into the arms of their jilted supermarkets.
Most restaurants and cafes are either closed or doing takeaway or delivery services only. The future of the hospitality sector is in question as food service workers scramble to survive. It remains to be seen whether the government’s bailout packages will be enough to keep people fed and housed through this crisis.
Farmers whose usual market is food service were thrown into crisis along with the nation’s chefs and other workers, and they have had to rapidly find new markets for their produce. For small-scale farmers, there has been a greater capacity to pivot to selling directly to households, though in many cases this has meant arduous hours doing direct deliveries without any time to develop these new systems.
The legends at Open Food Network have risen to the challenge to bring a thrilling wave of new farmers onto their platform to directly connect with eaters looking for alternatives to the stupidmarkets.
For large-scale farms, there is no such agility in a global pandemic. If you’re a watermelon grower in the Northern Territory whose market is primarily restaurants, caterers, and airlines, there is nothing to do but watch your melons rot in the fields. When you’re talking 600 tonnes v. 6 tonnes of produce to sell, selling direct to eaters is not an option.
For those just tuning in, my hypercompetent husband Stuart and I are small-scale pastured heritage breed pig and cattle farmers, and while our farm exists largely separately from the commodity food system, we remain reliant on two critical umbilicals to the industrial machine: feed and abattoirs.
When we shifted to an entirely waste-stream feed supply from our local brewery and other produce from other surplus yield, we thought we had exited commodity feed production. But the majority of our feed supply is detritus from the industrial system built on growth and volume – so we lost most of our feed sources overnight as pubs were shut down and the brewery stopped brewing.
We’re still receiving occasional container loads of muesli bar ingredients amongst other diverse oddities as food waste in fact just got worse with the sudden disappearance of food service, but the reliability of the nutritional quality of our feed took a steep dive. And we’re not the only ones – small-scale pig farms across Australia have been egging each other on in our pursuit of non-commodity grain and ecologically-beneficial feed options, and many of us now face the loss of this resource and need to return to commodity grain direct from the feed supplier. A year ago this wasn’t even a viable option as the drought drove prices up to more than double in some cases. I’ll return to possible solutions that don’t involve commodity grain in a future post once we’ve given it more thought.
So more expensive and ecologically dubious feed is one direct impact small-scale livestock farmers are grappling with, and the other threat we face is the potential closure of abattoirs, as is already happening in the US. The problem of a highly centralized food system is that there are so few facilities left, nearly all owned by a handful of multinational corporations, and if they are forced to close, farmers of all sizes lose their options. Given the low margins most abattoirs operate on in the best of times, one can only assume that many may not be able to continue in the face of a prolonged shutdown. While Australia’s control of the virus is leagues ahead of the US and our case numbers still quite low, an outbreak in a large, vital facility could still be devastating.
Together, we’ve got this
Some of you reading this have read and/or heard my positions on how to solve the world’s problems before, and you, like me, may have thought, ‘sounds great, but a bit utopic, hey? I mean, capitalism isn’t going anywhere…’ But then the current consequences of humanity’s failures have offered us an opportunity to ‘test the model’, shall we say. Guess what we’re finding?
Globalised food systems, capitalism, and disconnected atomized populations are just as brittle as some of us said they were.
Local food systems, solidarity economies, and strongly networked and collectivized communities have got this.
The upsurge in people seeking memberships with community-supported agriculture (CSA) farms is breathtaking. Farms that had struggled to compete with peoples’ addiction to ‘convenience’ and achieve full subscriptions are now turning people away. Others are increasing production to let some more in. Those of us who were already full are doing what we can to support our members who’ve lost their jobs – our turn to look after them, because that’s how solidarity economies work – it’s a two-way street.
A very smart comrade asked me whether I thought small-scale farmers (aka ‘peasants’) ‘can enter and exit the market as they need to. When times get tough, cut back to subsistence (in a way corporate farming can’t).’ It’s an interesting question about the variables that might offer resilience at different scales. While I think that peasants in the Global South might have some of this flexibility where they have remained quite separate from industrial food systems, the ‘new peasantry’ that has arisen across the world over the past decade (like farmers such as ourselves) probably has less capacity to expand and contract in the same way, primarily due to carrying high levels of debt. Flirting with capitalism while trying to crush it is a dangerous game. Which is not to say that taking on debt makes one a capitalist, but rather entwined in a system that has made it genuinely difficult to make it obsolete.
But what I will say for the peasants of the world, be we from a long line of people of the land or relatively newly boots on soil is that resourcefulness and frugality are our bedfellows. Unlike our industrial counterparts, most of us eat what we grow, and we grow what we eat. We savour the products of our labour, and we maintain old traditions of preserving for the lean times. These are the hallmark attributes of peasants the world over, and as I’ve watched my peasant comrades from Australia to Italy, China to America, South Africa to Brazil, I’ve seen their self- and community- sufficiency as the world’s original preppers have found ourselves prepared. We guiltily share how much we’re enjoying lockdown, because farmers eat lockdown for breakfast – it’s like most days of the week for us, but better because we’re forced to be where we most want to be, and so have more time for growing, preserving, and planning a better system.
And planning we are, on our farms, with our communities, and in our collectives. Buckminster Fuller famously said that ‘You never change things by fighting against the existing reality. To change something, build a new model that makes the old model obsolete.’ We have been building the new one (while also fighting the old one), and now we’re (mostly) ready. The old system is eating itself, the new one is going to feed you.
Remember – together, we’ve got this. That means all of us. If you’re unemployed or looking for ways to foster your community – find or start a local Mutual Aid Group. If you’re a farmer or an eater in Australia, join the Australian Food Sovereignty Alliance. In the US, join the US Food Sovereignty Alliance. Every country has its collectives – join yours. Wherever you are, collectivise, organize, and ACT.
Below are growers with direct sales, online ordering, CSA shares, pickup and delivery options – find your farmer and support your local producers with some social solidarity during physical distancing!
Please follow the links to contact growers directly for further details, and note that specific farm order or delivery options may vary (for e.g. delivery may be to a central pick up point or home delivery)
To find more growers, you can also head to Open Food Network for more producers and online ordering.
|Name & Website||Location||Areas served||Products||Online orders||Subscriptions||CSA Share||Market sales||Farmgate sales||Delivery||Pick up||Taking orders?|
|Bass Coast Farm||Bass Coast||Flemington, Bayside, Kingston, Elwood||Meat, Eggs||Yes||-||-||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Bunyip Hollow||3690 Wodonga||Albury, Wodonga Border||Vegetables, Fruit, Meat, Native Produce||Yes||-||-||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Shady Patches Farm||4615||South Burnett||Meat||Yes||-||Yes||-||-||-||Yes||Yes|
|Bega Valley Eggs||Bega Valley 2550||Batemans Bay to Mallacoota. Canberra, Bemboka||Eggs||-||Yes||-||-||-||Yes||-||Yes|
|Fork it Farm||7254 Lebrina||Hobart, St. Helens, Launceston, Devonport||Meat||Yes||-||Yes||Yes||Yes||-||Yes||Yes|
|Gleneden Family Farm||4370 Maryvale||Warwick, Brisbane, Ispwich, Boonah, Toowoomba||Meat, Eggs (vegetables, salad & honey coming soon).||-||-||Yes||-||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Red Rock Olives||3381 Grampians||Australia wide||Olive oil, olives, vinegars||Yes||-||-||-||-||Yes||-||Yes|
|Mount Zero Olives||3401 Laharum||Australia wide||Grains/pulses, Olives & Olive Oil||Yes||-||-||Yes||-||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Eaglehawk Creek Farm Produce||Gippsland||Gippsland||Meat, Eggs||Yes||-||-||Yes||Yes||-||Yes||Yes|
|All Things Aroha||4107 QLD||Brisbane within 30km||Ferments, kimchi, sauerkraut||Yes||-||Yes||-||-||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Leap Farm||7174||Hobart, Copping Dunalley, Sorell||Meat, Dairy||Yes||-||-||Yes||Yes||-||Yes||Yes|
|Port Macquarie Food Hub||NSW Mid North Coast 2444||Greater Port Macquarie, Newcastle, Sydney||Vegetables, Meat, Dairy, Eggs, Cereals/grains/nuts/seeds/pulses, Bread/bakery||Yes||-||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Grassland Poultry||Central West NSW 2820||Central West NSW 2820||Meat||Yes||-||-||-||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Harcourt Organic Farming Co-op||Castlemaine||Bendigo, Castlemaine, Harcourt, Malmsbury, Newstead, Maldon, Daylesford, Kyneton, Melbourne||Vegetables, Fruit, Dairy||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||-||Yes||Yes|
|Viridity Organic Farm||Kandanga Upper, Queensland,||Brisbane, Sunshine Coast||Avocados and Mangoes||-||-||-||Yes||-||-||Yes||Not Currently|
|Symara Organic Farm||Pozieres QLD 4377||Stanthorpe, Warwick, Tenterfield, Brisbane||Vegetables||-||-||-||Yes||-||-||Yes||Not Currently|
|Hampton Blue||Hampton QLD 4352||Brisbane||Blueberries & Raspberries||-||-||-||Yes||-||-||Yes||Not Currently|
|Supernatural Organics||Tewantin Qld 4565||Sunshine Coast, Brisbane||Garlic, Vegetables||-||-||-||Yes||-||-||Yes||Not Currently|
|GreenAg||Kingsthorpe Qld 4400||Toowoomba, Brisbane, Bundall||Turkey||Yes||-||-||Yes||-||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Moorhead and Rutter||Caboolture, QLD||Brisbane||Bananas||-||-||-||Yes||-||-||Yes||Not Currently|
|Sandy Creek Organic Farm||Beerwah, QLD||Brisbane, Sunshine Coast||Vegetables||-||-||Yes||Yes||-||-||Yes||Yes|
|Coochin HIlls Organics||Beerwah, QLD||Sunshine Coast, Brisbane||Vegetables||-||-||-||Yes||-||-||Yes||Not Currently|
|Kialla Organic||Kialla, QLD||Sunshine Coast, Brisbane||Beef, Lamb||Yes||-||-||Yes||-||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Figtrees Organic Farm||Northern Rivers, NSW||Northern NSW||Beef, Pork||-||-||-||Yes||Yes||-||Yes||Not Currently|
|Bendele Farm||Kilkivan, QLD||Brisbane, Sunshine Coast||Chicken, Duck, Turkey||-||-||-||Yes||-||-||Yes||Not Currently|
|Millen Farm||Samford Valley, QLD||Brisbane||Vegetables||-||Yes||-||-||-||-||Yes||Yes|
|Spring Lakes Farm||Churchable, QLD||Toowoomba, Brisbane||Vegetables||Yes||Yes||-||-||-||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Midyim Eco||Conondale QLD 4552||National||Peppers||Yes||-||-||-||-||Yes||-||Yes|
|Good Harvest Organic Farm||Woombye, QLD||Sunshine Coast, Brisbane||Fruit and Vegetables||Yes||Yes||-||Yes||-||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Avacado Valley||Burringbar, NSW||Northern NSW||Avocados||-||-||-||Yes||-||-||Yes||Not Currently|
|Bangalow Eggs||Bangalow NSW||Northern NSW||Eggs||-||-||-||Yes||-||-||Yes||Not Currently|
|Blueberry Fields||Brooklet NSW||Northern NSW||Blueberries, Blackberries, Raspberries||-||-||-||Yes||Yes||-||Yes||Not Currently|
|Bangalow Farm||Bangalow NSW||Northern NSW||Vegetables||-||-||-||Yes||-||-||Yes||Not Currently|
|Broadridge Gourmet Mushrooms||Northern Rivers, NSW||Northern Rivers, NSW||Mushrooms||-||-||-||Yes||-||-||Yes||Not Currently|
|Boorabee Dorper Sheep Stud||Bexhill, NSW, 2480||Northern Rivers, NSW||Lamb||Yes||-||-||Yes||-||-||Yes||Yes|
|Brunswick Seed Oysters||Stokers Siding, NSW, 2484||Northern RIvers, NSW||Oysters||-||-||-||Yes||-||-||Yes||Not Currently|
|Brooklet Springs Farm||Brooklet, NSW, 2479||Northern Rivers, Brisbane||Chicken, Eggs, Pork||Yes||-||-||Yes||-||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Byron Bay Pork||Bangalow, NSW 2479||Northern Rivers||Pork||-||-||-||Yes||-||-||Yes||Not Currently|
|Coopers Shoot Tomatos||Coopers Shoot, NSW||Northern Rivers||Tomatos||-||-||-||Yes||-||-||Yes||Not Currently|
|Fossil Organics||Mullumbimby, NSW, 2482||Northern Rivers||Fruit and Vegetables||-||-||-||Yes||-||-||Yes||Not Currently|
|Hayters Hill Farm||Byron Bay NSW||Northern Rivers||Beef, Pork, Eggs, Chickens||-||-||-||Yes||-||-||Yes||Not Currently|
|McMahon Bros Organics||Pozieres QLD 4377||Northern Rivers||Apples||-||-||-||Yes||-||-||Yes||Not Currently|
|MT Chowan Organics||Burringbar, NSW, 2483||Northern Rivers||Fruit and Vegetables||-||-||-||Yes||-||-||Yes||Not Currently|
|Nimbin Valley Dairy & Bangalow Cheese||Nimbin, NSW, 2480||Northern Rivers, Gold Coast||Dairy, Cheese||Yes||-||-||Yes||-||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Nimbin Valley Pecan & Rice||Goolmagar, NSW, 2480||Northern Rivers, Gold Coast||Rice, Nuts||-||-||-||Yes||-||-||Yes||Not Currently|
|Ouryard||Byron Bay, NSW, 2481||Northern Rivers, Gold Coast||Fruits||-||-||-||Yes||-||-||Yes||Not Currently|
|Picone Exotics||Tyagarah, NSW, 2481||Northern Rivers, Gold Coast||Exotic Fruit||Yes||-||-||Yes||-||-||Yes||Yes|
|Shroom Brothers||Stokers Siding, NSW 2485||Northern Rivers, Gold Coast||Mushrooms||-||-||-||Yes||Yes||-||Yes||Not Currently|
|Tallogum Raspberries||Lindendale, NSW, 2480||Northern Rivers, Gold Coast||Raspberries||-||-||-||Yes||-||-||Yes||Not Currently|
|Walker Farm Foods||Cambrooon QLD||Sunshine Coast, Brisbane||Eggs||-||-||-||Yes||-||-||Yes||Not Currently|
|Wiccawod Farm Products||Jiggi Valley NSW||Sunshine Coast, Brisbane||Vegetables||-||-||-||Yes||-||-||Yes||Not Currently|
Food sovereignty, pandemics, and public health
Food sovereignty means having control over where our food comes from and how it’s grown. It means being able to build strong, connected local food systems with accountability and mutual support between growers, distributers, and eaters. As supply chains are disrupted and eaters face supermarket chaos, current events highlight just how necessary food sovereignty is for food security in the short- and long-term.
More than that, food sovereignty means being able to build food systems that protect the health of people and animals. Pandemics like the current one are not unrelated to globalised industrial food systems. They are closely related in some complex ways, including through intensive animal operations which increase the risk of zoonotic diseases, the expansion of industrial agriculture into previously wild habitats and the increasing incorporation of wild species into capitalist commodity chains.
While we’re staying home and staying safe, it is a good time to also learn about these roots of the current crisis – read a good summary here, and hear Rob Wallace’s excellent explanation here. Wallace also delves into the issues more deeply in Big Farms Make Big Flu.
It is also a time for Australia to re-evaluate what kind of economic and agricultural systems we want and how to build them. Times of crisis are inevitably times of change – either to adapt and continue business as usual, or to make a transformation.
Let’s make our response to this a transformational one.
Farmers’ markets, CSAs, local veg box schemes and food hubs are all sources for buying from your local farmers. Most farmers’ markets are still operating, while many farmers and coops also have direct online order options – now is the time to be buying from them! Here’s where to find them:
Open Food Network: https://openfoodnetwork.org.au/
Australian Farmers Markets Association Markets – nation-wide: https://farmersmarkets.org.au/find-a-market/
Victorian Famers’ Markets: https://www.vfma.org.au/
NSW Farmers’ Markets: https://www.fmansw.org.au/
CSAs near you: http://www.csanetworkausnz.org/csa-near-you.html
AFSA wants to make sure that eaters know where to find their local farmers during this period. We are compiling an updated list of growers with online direct order/farmers’ market options for eaters, so we can share your food with our audience, and will be sharing these options through all of our channels.
We are also pooling strategies and working with other organisations to look at outlets for those with excess produce or lost market channels. Please list your details in the form here so that we can share.Please feel free to share this with your audiences and communities so that we can expand our growers’ directory – AFSA is working to support all growers and eaters during this time, as our aim is to make sure all Australians can assert their right to nourishing and culturally appropriate food produced and distributed in ecologically sound and ethical ways, and their right to collectively determine their own food and agriculture systems.
We understand that some growers have chosen to forego markets or change their production schedules in order to protect their families’ health, and that others have received an influx of new orders in recent days.
You can still provide your details if you are not currently taking orders, or if you are waitlisting new customers. You can change this information as circumstances change and we will update the directory accordingly.
We have also received information about several farmers’ markets closing due to local council or organiser decisions, and we are working to address this with state and local governments so that farmers’ markets can continue as needed, as an essential service to their communities.
If this has happened in your area and you are concerned, we suggest discussing with organisers and representatives directly to ensure your community has access to local food through markets taking appropriate safety measures, and to contact AFSA at email@example.com if you would like support on this.
To support discussions on ensuring market safety, you can find the Australian Farmers’ Markets Association resources on market safety, including recommended COVID-19 precautions here.
Meanwhile, if you are thinking of moving online or want to share experiences with other farmers around current events, Open Food Network are running a series of webinars for growers here.
Please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org you have questions, to let us know what is happening in your area, or if you need support.
In late February, governments and civil society organisations, along with NGO and private sector representatives convened in Rome to discuss the Zero Draft of the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework. The Framework will set the targets and directions for addressing an urgent problem – the ongoing loss of biodiversity that is crucial to the landscape functions that we rely on for food, fibre, fuel, and clean water.
AFSA President Tammi Jonas joined these discussions as part of the International Planning Committee on Food Sovereignty. The IPC has called for more ambitious and transformative targets to be set for the post-2020 framework, noting that while many governments and civil society organisations support a more transformative agenda, this has yet to be included in the draft Framework. AFSA, along with the IPC and many grassroots movements, urges the parties to adopt targets that will lead significant, widespread, and transformative action to halt biodiversity loss and crucially, to recognise the major contribution of agroecology and ecologically-sound farming to maintaining global biodiversity.
See the full statement of the IPC below
(AFSA members’ participation in these events is funded by the IPC via U.N. funding mechanisms)
Declaration of the IPC on the Zero Draft of the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework
The International Planning Committee for Food Sovereignty (IPC) is an autonomous platform representing 6000 grassroots organizations and social movements of Indigenous Peoples and small-scale food producers involved in the conservation, sustainable use, development and governance of agricultural biodiversity, which is the basis for food sovereignty.
Agricultural biodiversity is guaranteed by the women and men of the world who are peasants, small-scale farmers, pastoralists, artisanal fishers, forest dwellers, indigenous peoples and other small-scale food producers who feed the world. The targets of the Post-2020 Biodiversity Framework cannot be achieved unless the role and the individual and collective rights of the Indigenous peoples, who have distinct rights guaranteed in the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, and small-scale producers, who have distinct rights recognized in the Declaration on the Rights of Peasants and Other People Working in Rural Areas, with particular regard for women and youth, are recognized and protected. People must be allowed to live in rural areas in harmony with nature, as indigenous peoples and local communities do while enhancing the world’s biodiversity.
Our first comment on the Zero Draft is that while our people grapple with the worst impacts of the climate crisis induced primarily by industrial agriculture and extractive industries, this draft strategy to protect & conserve biodiversity in perpetuity is worryingly lacking in ambition. While the draft itself acknowledges the need for transformative change, it fails to deliver the ambitious goals and targets needed to achieve this.
One example of the lack of ambition in the draft is the reference to ‘no net losses’ – at a time when we are losing the very biodiversity on which our lives depend, this draft proposes that industries may still choose to wipe out biodiversity in one forest so long as somewhere else somebody is planting trees. We call on parties to reject this weak approach to securing the aims of the Convention to conserve biological diversity, and instead to set targets for no losses. We further note that this is emblematic of the growing movement to put a price on nature – such as so-called ‘nature-based solutions’, with the attendant damaging practices of speculating within new markets around carbon and soon perhaps, biodiversity, to its detriment.
Moreover, the zero draft fails to address issues of land tenure in an adequate way. The Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework should set targets to strengthen the legal recognition and protection of peasants’ and indigenous peoples’ tenure rights and systems, in particular those currently not protected by law.
We call upon parties to ensure that the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework reaffirms the precautionary principle and contains concrete guidance to parties about how to protect biodiversity and peasants’ and indigenous peoples’ rights in the context of technologies, in particular biotechnologies and digital technologies. This should include to implement effective measures at national level to identify, prevent and manage any potential or real adverse impacts effects of biotechnology and new and emerging technologies on biodiversity, taking also into account risks to human health. We were disappointed to hear parties with powerful biotechnology interests assert that the Framework should recognize the alleged positive benefits of biotechnology, when the only demonstrated benefit of biotechnology has been to create profit for a select few.
We note that small-scale food producers, also called ‘peasants’, are defined in the UN Declaration on the Rights of Peasants and Other People Working in Rural Areas as any person engaged in artisanal or small- scale agriculture. However, neither the CBD nor the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework specifically acknowledge the rights of peasants, in spite of the fact that they produce 70% of the world’s food on 30% of its land, therefore having a critical role in preserving biodiversity.
The industrial food system, from production to consumption, is one of the main causes of biodiversity loss and the destruction of ecosystems. A transition to more diversified and sustainable systems of food production is therefore urgent. Through agroecological production and management, peasants, fishing communities, pastoralists, and indigenous peoples preserve and enhance biodiversity. Agroecology is based on the rights of small-scale food producers, indigenous peoples and communities, in particular rights to seeds and biodiversity, as well as rights on knowledge, innovation and practices. We question what special interests have made it so difficult to include explicit recognition of the critical role of agroecology in the zero draft of the post-2020 Biodiversity Framework.
At the recent meetings in Rome, we have had renewed hope, having heard many Parties recognize the role of agroeocology as the most sustainable means of providing biodiverse, nutritious, and culturally-determined food to millions of people and communities around the world. It is also urgent to recognize the unique role of small-scale food producers in the management and sustainable use of biodiverse ecosystems.
The industrial food system and extractive industries are the primary causes of climate change, biodiversity loss, and the destruction of ecosystems, as witnessed in the recent devastation of over 16 million hectares of Australian forests and farmlands. A transition to more diversified and sustainable systems of food production and a rapid transition away from unsustainable energy, manufacturing, and transport industries is therefore urgent. Setting targets that increase the areas controlled and managed by Indigenous Peoples and small-scale food producers is one sure way to reverse the biodiversity losses the world is currently suffering, and we are relying on the governments of the world to show the vision needed to deliver a biodiverse and sustainable future for all.
Finally, we sadly must highlight how difficult it was for non-English speaking peoples to actively participate in the second Open-Ended Working Group for the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework processes, where the future of their land, rivers, and seas was addressed without interpretation.
We ask that Parties to this Convention who have been similarly excluded from the work of the Contact Groups to join us in demanding interpretation at all future meetings to ensure full participation of all countries and civil society in this critical work.